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## About the Course

Expand your understanding of physics as you explore topics such as fluids; thermodynamics; electric force, field, and potential; electric circuits; magnetism and electromagnetic induction; geometric and physical optics; and quantum, atomic, and nuclear physics. You’ll do hands-on and inquiry-based in-class activities and laboratory work to investigate phenomena.

**Note: **Save your lab notebooks and reports; colleges may ask to see them before granting you credit.

## Skills You'll Learn

Interpreting and describing representations and models

Using mathematics to solve science problems

Formulating a scientific question or hypothesis

Designing an experiment to answer a scientific question or test a hypothesis

Analyzing data and evaluating evidence

Working with scientific explanations and theories

Making connections

## Equivalency and Prerequisites

### College Course Equivalent

A second-semester introductory college course in algebra-based physics.

### Recommended Prerequisites

You should have completed AP Physics 1 or a comparable introductory physics course and should have taken or be concurrently taking pre-calculus or an equivalent course.

## Exam Date

## About the Units

The course content outlined below is organized into commonly taught units of study that provide one possible sequence for the course. Your teacher may choose to organize the course content differently based on local priorities and preferences.

## Course Content

###
**Unit 1: Fluids: Pressure and Forces**

You’ll learn about the characteristics of fluids and how a fluid’s internal structure and interactions define these characteristics.

Topics may include:

- Fluid systems
- Density
- Pressure and forces
- Fluids and free-body diagrams
- Buoyancy
- Conservation of energy in fluid flow
- Conservation of mass flow rate in fluids

**On The Exam**

10%–12% of exam score

###
**Unit 2: Thermodynamics**

You’ll study heat, temperature, and thermal energy in contexts such as heat engines, heat pumps, and refrigerators.

Topics may include:

- Thermodynamic systems
- Pressure, thermal equilibrium, and the Ideal Gas Law
- Thermodynamics and forces
- Heat and energy transfer
- Thermodynamics and collisions
- Probability, thermal equilibrium, and entropy

**On The Exam**

12%–18% of exam score

###
**Unit 3: Electric Force, Field, and Potential**

You’ll begin your study of electromagnetism by getting familiar with fundamental concepts such as electric charge and electric forces.

Topics may include:

- Electric systems and charge
- Charge distribution: Friction, conduction, and induction
- Electric permittivity
- Electric forces and free-body diagrams
- Gravitational and electromagnetic forces
- Electric charges and fields
- Conservation of electric energy

**On The Exam**

18%–22% of exam score

###
**Unit 4: Electric Circuits**

You’ll continue to examine the behavior of charged particles to learn about the components of a circuit, the path that an electric current travels on.

Topics may include:

- Definition and conservation of electric charge
- Resistivity and resistance
- Resistance and capacitance
- Kirchhoff’s loop rule
- Kirchhoff’s junction rule and the conservation of electric charge

**On The Exam**

10%–14% of exam score

###
**Unit 5: Magnetism and Electromagnetic Induction**

You’ll build on your knowledge of electrostatic forces and fields to explore the relationships between moving electric charges—electric currents—and the magnetic forces and fields they generate.

Topics may include:

- Magnetic systems
- Magnetic permeability and magnetic dipole moment
- Vector and scalar fields
- Monopole and dipole fields
- Magnetic fields and forces
- Forces review
- Magnetic flux

**On The Exam**

10%–12% of exam score

###
**Unit 6: Geometric and Physical Optics**

You’ll be introduced to the different ways of thinking about and modeling electromagnetic waves, or light.

Topics may include:

- Waves
- Electromagnetic waves
- Periodic waves
- Refraction, reflection, and absorption
- Images from lenses and mirrors
- Interference and diffraction

**On The Exam**

12%–14% of exam score

###
**Unit 7: Quantum, Atomic, and Nuclear Physics**

You’ll be introduced to the concepts of modern physics and learn how these new models can resolve the conflicts and questions that Newtonian physics could not answer.

Topics may include:

- Systems and fundamental forces
- Radioactive decay
- Energy in modern physics (energy in radioactive decay and
*E*=*mc*^{2}) - Mass–energy equivalence
- Properties of waves and particles
- Photoelectric effect
- Wave function and probability

**On The Exam**

10%–12% of exam score

Credit and Placement

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## Course Resources

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AP Physics 2: Algebra-Based can lead to a wide range of careers and college majors