AP European History

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About the Exam

Important: Because of school closures due to COVID-19, we’re offering at-home testing for the 2020 AP European History Exam as well as free resources to help you prepare. For more details, visit the 2020 AP Coronavirus Updates AP European History exam page. Note that any related adjustments to 2020 AP Exams, such as length or content covered, may not be reflected on all AP Students pages.

The AP European History Exam will test your understanding of the historical concepts covered in the course units, as well as your ability to analyze primary and secondary sources and identify patterns and connections that can support a historical interpretation.

Exam Duration
3hrs 15mins

Exam Dates

  • Wed, May 13, 2020,
    4 PM ET

    AP European History Exam

    May 13 is the updated 2020 date for the AP European History Exam.

Exam Components

55 questions 55mins 40% of Score

The questions in the multiple-choice section come in sets of typically 3–4 questions based on the same stimulus. The questions will include one or more sources to respond to such as primary and secondary texts, images (for example, artwork, photos, posters, cartoons), charts, and maps.

 You’ll be asked to:

  • Analyze the provided sources
  • Analyze the historical developments and processes described in the sources

3 questions 40mins 20% of Score

In the short-answer section, you’ll write answers to questions in your test booklet. Some questions include texts, images, graphs, or maps.

  • Question 1 is required, includes 1 or 2 secondary sources, and focuses on historical developments or processes from 1600–2001.
  • Question 2 is required, includes 1 primary source, and focuses on historical developments or processes from 1600–2001.
  • You can choose between Question 3 ( which focuses on historical developments or processes from the period from 1450–1648 and/or the period from 1648–1815) and Question 4 (which focuses on historical developments or processes from the period from 1815–1914 and/or the period from 1914–present) for the last question. No sources are included for either Question 3 or Question 4. 

You’ll be asked to:

  • Analyze the provided sources
  • Analyze historical developments and processes described in the sources
  • Put those historical developments and processes in the context
  • Make connections between those historical developments and processes

2 questions 1hr 40mins 40% of Score

In the free-response section, you’ll write answers to questions in your test booklet. There are two questions, one document-based question, and one long essay.

Document-Based Question

60 minutes | 25% of score

The 60-minute time limit for this section includes a 15-minute reading period. You’ll be presented with seven documents that give various perspectives on a historical development or process. You’ll be asked to develop and support an argument based on these documents and other evidence from your own knowledge. The topic of the document-based question will include historical developments or processes between the years 1600 and 2001.

Long Essay Question

40 minutes | 15% of score

You’ll have a choice of three questions; you’ll pick one to answer. Each test the same skills but the questions focus primarily on different historical time periods (1450–1700, 1648–1914, or 1815–2001). You’ll be asked to develop and support an argument based on evidence.

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