AP 3-D Art and Design

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About the Portfolio

  • All portfolio types (2-D, 3-D, and Drawing) are submitted digitally only.
  • Students are prohibited from using any and all artificial intelligence tools in any AP assessment work. Read more about our policy.

You’ll submit a portfolio of artwork for evaluation at the end of the school year. You’ll upload digital images of your work and commentary online.

The three Art and Design portfolios (2-D, 3-D, and Drawing) share a basic, two-section structure, which requires you to show a fundamental competence and range of understanding in visual concerns and methods. Each section contributes to the final portfolio score, which is on a 5-point scale.

Note: You may submit more than one Art and Design portfolio exam in a given year, but each must be a different type of portfolio. You may not duplicate works or images among the portfolios and portfolios may not be combined. For example, if you want to submit a portfolio for both Drawing and 3-D Art and Design, you will need to submit two separate portfolios with two completely different sets of artwork, and you must order two exams.

For the AP 3-D Art and Design portfolio:

  • Your work should focus on the use of three-dimensional (3-D) skills of art and design, including point, line, shape, plane, layer, form, volume, mass, occupied/unoccupied space, texture, color, value, opacity, transparency, time, unity, variety, rhythm, movement, proportion, scale, balance, emphasis, contrast, repetition, connection, juxtaposition, and hierarchy.
  • Think about how materials, processes, and ideas can be used to make work that involves space and form, whether physical or virtual.
  • There’s no preferred or unacceptable content or style.
  • Here are some formats you can submit: figurative or nonfigurative sculpture, architectural models, metal work, ceramics, glasswork, installation, performance, assemblage, and 3-D fabric/fiber arts.
  • Don’t submit video clips—they’re not allowed. You may submit still images from videos or film and composite images.

Portfolio Date

May 10, 2024, 8 PM ET

AP Art and Design Portfolio Due Date

AP Art and Design students must submit digital portfolios to AP by this date.

Portfolio Components

Section 1: Sustained Investigation

15 digital images 60% of Score

You’ll create a body of work that demonstrates:

  • sustained investigation through practice, experimentation, and revision
  • sustained investigation of materials, processes, and ideas
  • synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas
  • 3-D design skills

You’ll have to document in writing:

  • the inquiry that guided your sustained investigation

  • ways your sustained investigation developed through practice, experimentation, and revision

Section 2: Selected Works

Images of 5 works, 2 views each, for a total of 10 images 40% of Score

You’ll choose works that demonstrate:

  • 3-D design skills
  • synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas

For each work, you’ll have to describe in writing:

  • your ideas
  • the materials you used
  • the processes you used

Works may come from the Sustained Investigation section, but they do not have to. They may be a group of related works, unrelated works, or a combination of related and unrelated works.

How We Score Your Portfolio

All portfolios are assessed by at least four highly experienced AP Art and Design teachers or higher education faculty. These evaluators, called AP readers, are trained to apply standardized scoring guidelines. Each of the two sections is reviewed independently based on criteria for that section.

If there is a wide divergence in the scores assigned by two to the same section of a portfolio, the section is forwarded to two Reading leaders for review and resolution of the scores.

Portfolio Preparation


Sustained Investigation Overview

Get detailed instructions on building the Sustained Investigation section of your AP Art and Design portfolio.


Selected Works Overview

Get detailed instructions on building the Selected Works section of your AP Art and Design portfolio.

Credit and Placement

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